ESP KYO Alarm

Disclaimer

KYO alarm integration over native API using ESPHome.

This project is not related to or endorsed by the KYO alarm production company.

The interaction with the alarm panel is performed in an unconventional way, not endorsed by official documentation.

The warranty of the alarm panel will be invalidated by installing this device.

Any intervention on the alarm system must be performed by qualified personel.

This software is provided “as is”, without warranty of any kind, express or implied, including but not limited to the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and noninfringement. in no event shall the authors or copyright holders be liable for any claim, damages or other liability, whether in an action of contract, tort or otherwise, arising from, out of or in connection with the software or the use or other dealings in the software.

All that said happy hacking, but pay attention to what you are doing. The alarm system is a critical component for the security of a house.

This project was inspired by lorenzo-deluca/espkyogate, if you want you can buy him a coffee ☕.

Hardware

This project connects to the alarm panel over an RS-232 serial link. The bill of materials is:

Optional:

Since the plastic box was too small to fit the two PCBs, I mounted the MAX3232 TTL/RS-232 converter on the bottom (there were spacers that fitted the holes on the PCB) and the Wemos D1 Mini on the cover, being partially overlapped with the closed box.

The total cost of this project is about 10€.

This is the circuit required by this integration.

drawing

Since the ESP8266 is a +3.3V device, connect the VCC pin of the MAX3232 TTL RS-232 converter to the 3V3 pin of the ESP board, otherwise you will risk to break the RX pin of the Wemos D1 Mini.

The DC/DC converter can be connected to any auxiliary power supply of the alarm system, in case of mains power failure the ESP8266 board will survive thanks to the backup battery.

image

image

ESPHome Configuration

Before generating the ESPHome firmware, the configuration file esp-kyo-alarm.yaml must be customized. Set board key according to your ESP8266 board.

esphome:
  name: ${name}
  platform: ESP8266
  board: d1_mini
  comment: "ESP KYO alarm integration"
  includes:
    - kyo-alarm/

Configure the tx_pin and rx_pin keys of UART link depending on your hardware.

uart:
  id: uart_bus
  tx_pin: GPIO5
  rx_pin: GPIO4
  baud_rate: 9600
  data_bits: 8
  parity: EVEN

I used GPIO5 and GPIO4 (software UART) in place of ESP8266 hardware UART, since during early experiments RX pin of hardware UART stopped working (due to an erroneous +5V input signal).

Set the configuration of the partitions in armed_home and armed_away configurations. First partition is bit 0, last partition is bit 7.

globals:
  # Arm home partitions (bitfield) as configured in alarm
  - id: armed_home
    type: uint8_t
    restore_value: no
    initial_value: '0x1'
  # Arm away partitions (bitfield) as configured in alarm
  - id: armed_away
    type: uint8_t
    restore_value: no
    initial_value: '0x3'

Map the available zones in your alarm, adding proper device_class.

binary_sensor:
  # Zones status
  - platform: custom
    lambda: |-
      KyoAlarmComponent* k = (KyoAlarmComponent*) kyo;
      return {&k->zoneSensor[0], &k->zoneSensor[1],
              &k->zoneSensor[2], &k->zoneSensor[3]};
    binary_sensors:
      - id: kyo_zone1
        name: "Zone 1"
        device_class: "motion"
      - id: kyo_zone2
        name: "Zone 2"
        device_class: "window"
      - id: kyo_zone3
        name: "Zone 3"
        device_class: "door"
      - id: kyo_zone4
        name: "Zone 4"
        device_class: "garage_door"

Available device classes are:

Device class Home Assistant icons
motion mdi-walk mdi-run
window mdi-window-closed mdi-window-open
door mdi-door-closed mdi-door
garage_door mdi-garage mdi-garage-open

A secrets.yaml file is required with the following keys:

wifi_ssid: "<your-wifi-ssid>"
wifi_password: "<your-wifi-password>"
ota_password: "<your-ota-password>"
api_encryption_key: "<your-encryption-key>"

It is highly reccomanded to connect using native API encryption introduced since ESPHome version 2021.9.0. Alternartivelly with small modification to the code a secured MQTT over SLL connection can be configured.

To improve security OTA flash can be disabled.

Home Assistant Integration

In Home Assistant a Template Alarm Control Panel initegration can be configured as follow.

alarm_control_panel:
  - platform: template
    panels:
      kyo_alarm:
        name: "Kyo Alarm"
        unique_id: "kyo-alarm"
        value_template: "{{states('sensor.alarm_status')}}"
        arm_away:
          - service: esphome.esp_kyo_alarm_arm_away
            data_template:
              code: "{{code}}"
        arm_home:
          - service: esphome.esp_kyo_alarm_arm_home
            data_template:
              code: "{{code}}"
        disarm:
          - service: esphome.esp_kyo_alarm_disarm
            data_template:
              code: "{{code}}"

With this configuration the PIN code is transmitted to the alarm panel over encrypted native API and the ESPHome firmware checks its value against the list of PINs stored in the alarm. This behaviuour can be modified in the source code to perform the check of the PIN inside Home Assistant itself or to avoid the check at all, but doing so will decrease the security level of this integration.

Additionally a Lovelace Alarm Panel Card to arm/disarm the alarm via the user interface can be addded.

To manually control the arming/disarming of the alarm three services are available. All of them require a single parameter code providing the user PIN.

service: esphome.esp_kyo_alarm_arm_home
data:
  code: 123456

service: esphome.esp_kyo_alarm_arm_away
data:
  code: 123456

service: esphome.esp_kyo_alarm_disarm
data:
  code: 123456

Having the alarm system sensors integrated into Home Assistant allows extra configurations. A nice example is window open, climate off blueprint, to switch off the climate system when a window is opened.

Open your Home Assistant instance and show the blueprint import dialog with a specific blueprint pre-filled.

To trigger the action monitoring several windows at the same time, create a group of windows.

GitHub

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