A collection of high-performance parallel linear algebra kernels for shared-memory multiprocessors. These kernels are implemented in C++ and rely on OpenMP for parallelization.




Sparse matrix-sparse vector (SpMSpV) multiplication of the form y = Ax is a widely used computational kernel with many applications in machine learning and graph analytics. A sparse input matrix A is multiplied by a sparse input vector x to produce a sparse output vector y.

src/spmspv/ implements the SpMSpV-bucket algorithm that was recently proposed by Azad and Buluc [1]. Unlike most prior approaches, this algorithm achieves work-efficiency, which means that the total work performed by all processors remains within a constant factor of the fastest known serial algorithm.

Experimental Evaluation

To assess the performance and strong scaling of our SpMSpV-bucket implementation, we measure its runtime on several representative matrix inputs taken from the University of Florida sparse matrix collection [2]. In each experiment, we multiply the input matrix A by a randomly generated sparse input vector x, varying the degree of sparsity in x and the number of threads.

Results on ljournal-2008

ljournal-2008 is an adjacency matrix of the LiveJournal social network containing approximately 5.36M vertices and 79M edges. We multiply this matrix by a sparse vector with 25K, 250K, and 2.5M nonzero values and report the runtime (averaged over 1000 iterations) as a function of thread count.

Results on hugetrace-00020

hugetrace-00020 is a high-diameter graph representing frames from a two-dimensional adaptive numerical simulation. It contains approximately 16M vertices and 24M edges. We use the same methodology as above and report the average SpMSpV runtime as a function of thread count for several input vector sparsity patterns.

Evaluation platform

Our measurements were conducted on a dual-socket 2.9GHz Intel Cascade Lake Xeon server with 24 cores per socket and 35.75MB of L3 cache. Peak memory bandwidth (as reported by mlc) is 80GB/s per node.


Ariful Azad, Aydin Buluc.
A Work-Efficient Parallel Sparse Matrix-Sparse Vector Multiplication Algorithm.
IPDPS 2017, pp. 688-697.

Timothy A. Davis, Yifan Hu.
The University of Florida Sparse Matrix Collection.
ACM Trans. Math. Softw., Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 1-25.


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