?️ react-native-jsi-image

?️ This library is work in progress! ?️

A writeable in-memory Image JSI Host Object.

JSI-Image is a modern library that provides Image primitives for the native iOS and Android Platforms, neatly packaged together in one single fast JavaScript API.

There are 3 ways to create a JSI-Image instance:

  • Load from a file
  • Load from a Web-URL
  • Returned by another library, such as VisionCamera‘s takePhoto(...) function.

Why

Traditionally, Images in React Native could not be handled efficiently. To demonstrate this, let’s take a look at how a Camera library might take a photo:

  1. [js] User taps capture button, takePhoto(...) is called.
  2. [native] Camera takes a photo. The library now has UIImage instance (photo) in-memory.
  3. [native] Library creates a new file on disk. (slow! ?)
  4. [native] Library writes the UIImage instance to the file. (slow! ?)
  5. [native] Library returns the path to the file to the caller (JS)
  6. [js] App now navigates to the “captured media” screen to display the media.
  7. [js] App passes the file path to a <FastImage> component.
  8. [native] <FastImage> component has to load the image from file. (slow! ?)
  9. [native] <FastImage> component then displays the UIImage from the file.

With JSI-Image, all the unnecessary slow file operations can be skipped, since the Image can be passed around in-memory.

  1. [js] User taps capture button, takePhoto(...) is called.
  2. [native] Camera takes a photo. The library now has UIImage instance (photo) in-memory.
  3. [native] Library returns the UIImage instance to the caller (JS) (fast! ?)
  4. [js] App now navigates to the “captured media” screen to display the media.
  5. [js] App passes the in-memory Image instance to a <FastImage> component.
  6. [native] <FastImage> component then displays the already in-memory UIImage instance. (fast! ?)

Benchmarks

Without JSI-Image

[log] Successfully took photo in 312ms!

With JSI-Image

[log] Successfully took photo in 95ms!

JSI-Image improved capture speed (takePhoto(...)) by more than 3x!

These improvements are even greater at more complicated image processing, such as rotating an image, applying image filters, resizing images, etc.

Installation

yarn add react-native-jsi-image
cd ios && pod install

Usage

Load from URL

import { loadImageFromUrl } from "react-native-jsi-image"

const image = await loadImageFromUrl('https://...')
console.log(`Successfully loaded ${image.width} x ${image.height} image!`)

Load from File

import { loadImageFromFile } from "react-native-jsi-image"

const image = await loadImageFromFile('file:///Users/Marc/image.png')
console.log(`Successfully loaded ${image.width} x ${image.height} image!`)

Inspect Image

const image = ...
const size = image.width * image.height
const realSize = size * image.scale
const orientation = image.orientation

for (const pixel of image.data) {
  console.log(`Pixel: ${pixel}`)
}

Rotate/Flip Image

const image = ...
console.log(image.isFlipped) // false
const flipped = image.flip()
console.log(flipped.isFlipped) // true

if (image.orientation === "up") {
  // rotates image in-memory
  image.orientation = "right"
}

Save modified Image to File

let image = ...
image = rotateImageCorrectly(image)
await image.save('file:///tmp/temp-image.png') // or .jpg

For Library Developers

To use JSI-Image in your native library, your functions must be JSI functions.

Accept Image Parameter

In your JSI Module:

#include <JsiImage/ImageHostObject.h>

// ...

jsi::Value myFunction(jsi::Runtime& runtime,
                      jsi::Value& thisArg,
                      jsi::Value* arguments,
                      size_t count) {
  auto imageHostObject = arguments[0].asObject(runtime).asHostObject<ImageHostObject>(runtime);
  auto uiImage = imageHostObject->image;
  // use uiImage here
}

In your TypeScript declaration:

import { Image } from 'react-native-jsi-image'

export function myFunction(image: Image): void

Return Image from your native module

In your JSI Module:

#include <JsiImage/ImageHostObject.h>

// ...

jsi::Value myFunction(jsi::Runtime& runtime,
                      jsi::Value& thisArg,
                      jsi::Value* arguments,
                      size_t count) {
  UIImage* image = // ...

  auto instance = std::make_shared<ImageHostObject>(image, promiseVendor);
  return jsi::Object::createFromHostObject(runtime, instance);
}

In your TypeScript declaration:

import { Image } from 'react-native-jsi-image'

export function myFunction(): Image

Contributing

See the contributing guide to learn how to contribute to the repository and the development workflow.

License

MIT

GitHub

View Github